A heart transplant involves replacing a diseased heart with a donor’s healthy heart. A heart transplant is considered when heart failure is so severe that it does not respond to any other therapy. The healthy heart comes from a donor who has died. It is the last resort for people with heart failure when all other treatments have failed. The heart failure might have been caused by coronary heart disease, damaged heart valves or heart muscles, congenital heart defects, or viral infections of the heart.
Heart transplant cannot be done if a person:
- Has other medical conditions like serious kidney, lung or liver diseases that may shorten the life span even after heart transplantation
- Has a recent medical history of cancer
- Has an active infection in the whole body
- Has poor circulation throughout the body
- Has pulmonary hypertension
- Has diabetes with end-stage organ damage
The moment you come to know that the heart is available, and you will have a heart transplant surgery, stop eating or drinking anything. Then you may receive sedative drugs to make you relax during the procedure.
It is an open-heart surgery that is performed under the effect of general anaesthesia. An incision is made in the chest, the chest bone is separated, and the rib cage is opened. The arteries are detached from the heart and connected to a heart-lung bypass machine that maintains the circulation of oxygen-rich blood in the body.
Then the diseased heart is removed, and the donor's heart is placed and sewed into its place. The major arteries are then reattached to the donor's heart, and once the blood flow is restored, the donor's heart starts beating. In some cases, electric shock is given to make the donor's heartbeat correctly.
Following measures may aid in maintaining the heart and its functioning:
- Take the prescribed immunosuppressants. These medications weaken the immune system and prevent it from attacking the donated heart.
- Take all the medications prescribed by the doctors properly
- Follow the lifestyle guidelines given by the doctors (avoid consumption tobacco products, eat a healthy diet, be protected from getting an infection, exercise regularly, etc.)
- Dementia or poorly controlled mental illness
- Do not miss the follow-up appointments
Why Travel to India for Heart Transplant Treatment?
Improved coordination between donation, retrieval and transplantation has led to a 10-fold increase in heart transplantations in India
Heart Transplant in India is performed through cutting- edge clinical solutions, research, extraordinary patient care and infrastructure of world-class standards. Heart Transplant is a complex surgical exercise and needs highly skilled consultants, ingenious technical staff and advanced technology working with perfect harmony, enormous dedication and team work. India offers a one stop solution for all those seeking critical procedures such as Heart Transplant.